Cosmetic Dentistry

Composite Bonding

Composite bonding, which is one of the most frequently applied procedures in aesthetic dentistry, is an effective solution to ensure dental integrity. Bonding allows changing the colour and shape of the tooth, changing the size of the tooth and correcting dental defects in order to restore dental aesthetics. Composite bonding method is also called composite laminate or aesthetic filling. In this procedure, permanent aesthetic solutions can be obtained in a single session by adding tooth-coloured composite resin or bonding material to the desired area without removing any tissue from the tooth surface.

What is Composite Bonding?

Bonding is a dentistry procedure performed by hardening the composite filling suitable for natural tooth colour and bonding it to the tooth without any abrasion process on the tooth structure. In cases where there are small deformities and gaps in the patient's teeth, it is possible to make additions on the teeth without the need to cut the teeth by using bonding material.

Since composite material is used in the bonding method, tooth discolouration may occur in the long term. This is because composite is a substance that is open to colouring. However, this is a situation that may vary individually. People who frequently consume foods and beverages such as tea and coffee, which can cause discolouration in teeth, are more likely to have discoloured teeth. Colouration is also a condition that may vary according to the polishing of the filling surface. The more polished and smooth the tooth surface is, the more likely it is to experience discolouration.

Who is Composite Bonding Suitable for?

Composite bonding can be applied to eliminate many aesthetic concerns caused by tooth appearance. In treatments performed in the form of filling, if the patient does not like the tooth shape, bonding can be done individually. Composite bonding treatment, which is both a fast and economical treatment; It can be preferred to meet different needs such as changing the colour or shape of the tooth, enlarging the teeth or removing the defects in the teeth, removing tooth fractures, treating the gaps between the teeth and the caries in the teeth and equalising the length of the teeth. 

How is Composite Bonding Performed?

The first step before composite bonding is to prepare the tooth to be treated for the application. If there is no decay in the tooth, anaesthesia is not required. The dentist selects the composite filling colour that will most closely match the colour of the tooth to be treated from the colour guide. Then the preparation process of the treatment begins. 

The surface of the tooth to be bonded is roughened and a conditioning fluid is applied. The purpose of this process is to ensure that the adhesive material adheres to the tooth more easily. The material is brought to the desired shape before hardening. Laser or bright light is usually used to harden the bonding material. After the bonding material has hardened, the dentist can shape or cut it. After this process, it is polished to match the shade and brightness of the remaining tooth surface.

The quality of the material and the experience of the dentist are very important in the composite bonding process, which is completed in about 30 to 60 minutes. Although the procedure is usually completed in one session, more sessions may be needed depending on the procedure to be performed.

Recovery Process After Composite Bonding

If the composite bonding application is performed under local anaesthesia, no food should be eaten and hot drinks should not be consumed until the numbness is completely gone. On the day of treatment, mainly soft foods and liquid foods should be consumed.

After composite filling, there may be a slight pain as well as sensitivity to hot-cold and pressure. It is effective to use simple painkillers to relieve this condition. 

Routine oral care should be carried out completely after the application. In addition, it is important to avoid consuming hard foods and to pay attention to the care and cleaning of the teeth. In addition to all these, regular dentist checks are among the most important requirements.

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