Filling treatment, which is one of the most common dentistry procedures, is a method that provides both health and aesthetic benefits applied to decayed, broken and cracked teeth in order to prevent tooth loss in the mouth. In selected patients, filling applications can also be applied within the scope of smile aesthetics.
Dental filling is one of the treatments applied to protect oral and dental health. The scope of filling treatment may vary depending on the cause of the problem in the tooth to be treated and the location of the tooth.
What is a Filling?
The dental procedure based on the restoration of teeth that decay, crack or break for various reasons with different materials is called filling treatment. The purpose of filling treatment is to restore the old functions and appearance of teeth that have lost material. It is possible to prevent the complete loss of the tooth with the application of filling treatment before the decayed tissue progresses.
Within the scope of filling treatment, decays and residues in the tooth to be treated are cleaned. The resulting cavity is filled in accordance with the normal form of the tooth and using composite materials with biological compatibility. Thus, the normal appearance and function of the damaged tooth can be restored.
It is very easy for bacteria to reach the vascular nerve network that provides nourishment to the tooth through the cavities formed by tooth decay. In this case, severe pain may be encountered in the tooth. In such cases, canal treatment may require tooth extraction if the problem reaches more advanced dimensions. Therefore, tooth decay should be diagnosed and treated early.
Who is Suitable for Filling?
Filling treatment is one of the most effective dentistry procedures that will enable decayed or damaged teeth to regain their functions. Dental filling can be applied to teeth that have lost material due to various reasons, broken as a result of trauma, decayed or cracked, do not look aesthetically pleasing and cannot fulfil their chewing function.
How is Filling Done?
The patient who will undergo dental filling treatment is given local anaesthesia in order not to feel pain or ache during the procedure. Local anaesthesia ensures that the application area is numbed.
The dentist cleans the tooth to be filled from caries. The selected filling material is prepared. After the decayed part is cleaned, the remaining broken, decayed or damaged space in the tooth is filled with filling material that is compatible with the structure and form of the tooth.
In order for the filling to freeze in a short time, dentists can use special medical devices according to the selected material. After the filling treatment, the dentist asks the patient to open and close his/her mouth. Thus, it is possible to determine whether there is a problem with the applied filling. If any problem is detected, dentists can correct the problem by shortening or cutting. After the completion of the filling treatment, the tooth is restored to its former function.
Recovery Process After Filling
After dental filling treatment under local anaesthesia, you should not eat before the effect of the anaesthesia has fully worn off. If food is eaten before the anaesthesia effect wears off, it may be possible to face undesirable situations such as biting the tongue or lip. The effect of anaesthesia lasts an average of 3 hours in the upper jaw and 4 to 5 hours in the lower jaw posterior group teeth. However, the duration of anaesthesia may vary depending on the individual.
The time that should not be eaten after the filling may vary depending on the filling material used. Pain and sensitivity may occur up to 12 hours after the procedure. Very cold and very hot foods and beverages should be avoided during the sensitivity period. Drugs prescribed by the dentist can be used to relieve mild pain. If the pain lasts longer than 12 hours and gradually intensifies, if it starts without any factor and becomes a throbbing pain over time, it should not be neglected to contact the dentist.