When an individual loses a tooth or teeth due to injury or disease, they may experience complications such as rapid bone loss, imperfect speech or changes in chewing patterns resulting in discomfort. In this case, replacing a lost tooth with a dental implant can significantly improve the patient's quality of life and health.
Dental implant systems consist of a dental implant body and a dental implant abutment. It may also include an abutment fixing screw. The dental implant body is surgically inserted into the jawbone instead of the tooth root. The dental implant abutment is usually attached to the implant body with an abutment fixing screw and extends through the gums into the mouth to support the inserted artificial teeth.
What is an Implant?
An implant is a screw that is placed in the jawbone and fuses with the bone within a few months, replacing the missing tooth root in the application area. The dental procedure based on the removal of the missing tooth with a tissue-compatible screw placed in the jawbone is also called implant treatment, implant and implant surgery, etc. Having a dental implant fused to the jawbone means having an artificial tooth that will mimic a natural tooth. The dental implant stands on its own without affecting nearby teeth and this means that it has great stability.
The fusion process between the dental implant and the jawbone is called "osseointegration". Dental implants are made of titanium, which allows them to integrate with the bone without being recognised as a foreign body in the human body.
Who is Implant Suitable for?
Implant treatment is basically applied to people over the age of 18 who have completed their jaw and facial development. For this, the individual must have one or more missing teeth. The decision on the suitability of implant treatment is made individually and the jaw structure of the individual should be suitable for implant treatment. Likewise, the oral tissue should be healthy and there should not be any health problems that will adversely affect the bone healing process.
How is the implant done?
Implant treatment is a dentistry procedure planned specifically for the patient. Measurements of the jaw bones and teeth in the mouth are taken from patients who are suitable for treatment. Titanium screws are inserted as artificial tooth roots and placed in the jawbone to provide support for prostheses. In an average of 3 to 6 months, the implants fuse with the jawbone. At the end of the osseointergration process, when the implants are able to support the prostheses, the prostheses are placed and the implant treatment is completed.
If the patient's jawbone structure is not thick enough for implant treatment, additional bone surgery procedures may be required. In such cases, bone powder augmentation is performed under local anaesthesia. The aim of this procedure is to improve the thickness and height of the bone and to bring it to a sufficient level to provide implant support. After the procedure, a period of 6 months is usually required to complete the replacement of bone and bone powder, although it varies individually.
Post-implant healing process
Food and beverages should not be consumed for 2 hours following dental implant treatment. Soft and cold foods should be preferred for the first 24 hours and hot foods and beverages should not be included in the diet for the first week.
In order for the healing process to begin, the mouth should not be rinsed and spit for the first 24 hours after implant treatment. It is recommended not to brush the teeth and not to use mouthwash on the evening of the implant treatment. 36 hours after the application, mouthwash with saline or mouthwash should be done twice a day for 2 weeks.
It is recommended not to drink alcohol and smoke for the first 24 hours and to take the medicines prescribed by the dentist regularly during the healing process. Swelling may occur under the eyes and cheek area on the first day. Swelling usually resolves spontaneously within 10 days.