Cosmetic Dentistry

Tooth Scaling

Tooth scaling is a procedure commonly performed in conjunction with root planning and is also known as deep teeth cleaning. Dental scaling and root planning is a deeper procedure than a typical dental cleaning, helping to treat chronic periodontal disease, or gum disease.

What is Tooth Scaling?

Also known as gum treatment, deep dental cleaning, which dentists usually call gum scaling and root planning, involves cleaning between the teeth and gums down to the roots.

While the front, back and sides of the tooth are cleaned above the gum line in standard tooth cleaning, the same procedure is performed in the tooth scaling procedure, but the tartar and other deposits are removed from the pocket between the root of the tooth by going down to the root of the tooth, below the gum line.

In people with gum disease, the space or pocket between the teeth and gums opens, expands and deepens, and begins to trap tartar and plaque. Healthy sets of teeth and gums have a gap or pocket of 3 mm or less. In cases of gingivitis or other gum problems, the pocket is enlarged. In cases where the gums are 5 mm or more away from the teeth and roots, deep teeth cleaning is usually recommended.

Who is tooth scaling suitable for?

Dental scaling is usually applied to relieve concerns about gum disease or to slow its progression. It is a method that benefits patients with chronic periodontitis. In addition, people with less severe gingivitis than periodontitis may also benefit from tooth scaling treatment. 

How is tooth scaling done?

Deep teeth cleaning is a two-part procedure. The first of these is called gum or scaling and the other is called root surface cleaning. 

Deep teeth cleaning is performed with electric or ultrasonic instruments or manual dentist scaling instruments, or a combination of both. The scaling part of the procedure, which is usually completed in two sessions, removes plaque and tartar below the gum line. Root planning follows, which involves using an instrument to clean and smooth the root of the tooth, helping to reattach the gums to the tooth and minimising the size of the pocket or cavity that may harbour unhealthy growth. 

This helps to smooth the root. The size of the gap between the teeth and gums is reduced. Reconnection with the gums is ensured. Deep teeth cleaning is a procedure designed to treat and prevent the worsening of gum diseases such as gingivitis. In this context, surgery or other extensive procedures may be required.

Things to Consider After Tooth Scaling

After a deep dental cleaning, it is important to be extra gentle and attentive to the teeth and gums. It is very important to keep the teeth as clean as possible and to take the medication prescribed by the dentist regularly.  

Since deep teeth cleaning or gum cleaning does not reverse the course of gingivitis, more extensive treatment processes and surgery may be required in cases where periodontitis develops.

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